Types Of Sexual Orientation Discrimination Essay

Sexual orientation Essays & Research Papers

Best Sexual orientation Essays

  • Sexual Orientation - 1235 Words
    Over the years sexual orientation has been an issue in our society. Many people are against homosexuality and bisexuality. Sexual orientation is generally one of three main categories, heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual. Heterosexual is someone who is attracted to members of the opposite sex. A homosexual is someone that is attracted to members of the same sex. And, a bisexual person is one that is attracted to members of both sexes. There are other categories of sexual orientation. Some...
  • sexual orientation - 656 Words
    My opinion about sexual orientation in our society A person’s sexual, emotional, or romantic attraction to another person is usually the way to describe sexual orientation. When a person is attracted to the same sex, they are considered homosexual. When a person is attracted to someone of the opposite sex, they are considered heterosexual. Attraction to both men and women is called bisexuality. The idea of sexual orientation states to more than just the sexual...
  • sexual orientation - 532 Words
    1 October 2013 Sexual Orientation Sexual Orientation Is focused on nature of sexual preference somebody's sexual desire, toward people of the opposite sex, people of the same sex, or people of both sex Sexual orientation is also understood to be more than just Intimacy, but includes emotional preference and connection with another person. When a person is physically and emotionally attracted to others of the same sex, they are considered to be lesbian if it’s a female and gay if it’s a...
  • Sexual Orientation - 2466 Words
    Sexual Orientation Jennifer Battle University of Phoenix RES 110-Introduction to Research and Information Utilization Dr. Janet M. Jackson People will always judge others that are different based on anything. Even though it is still a problem in some areas of the world, race used to be the major object of discrimination. Now the more popular issue is a person's sexual orientation. Though it might not seem like a big deal to many people, there are many people who think otherwise; and...
  • All Sexual orientation Essays

  • Sexual Orientation - 856 Words
     In our day and age, being of a sexual orientation other than heterosexual is somewhat common. Though it is definitely not considered a norm, it is more accepted in most parts of the world. A few years ago, people who were not heterosexual had to hide who they really were in order to be accepted by society. Because of this norm, one automatically assumes they are straight whether it comes to themselves or others. So how do homosexual/asexual people become conscious of their sexual...
  • sexual orientation - 1739 Words
    This essay will look into sexual orientation. This essay will identify and define sexual orientation focusing on homosexuality. It will further provide an overview of homosexuality and a summary. I will discuss my initial opinions, attitudes, biases and assumptions about sexual orientation and demonstrate how my awareness of this element of diversity increased throughout the module. I will further address how this awareness will impact my ability to counsel more competently, followed by a...
  • Sexual Orientation - 1116 Words
    Sexual orientation is the nature of sexual or erotic desires that is the direction of an individual’s sexual desires and emotions towards members of the opposite sex (homosexual), members of the same sex (homosexuals) and in some instances both (bisexual). In simple terms it is the sexual preference of individuals. Several factors have been listed by vast majority of sexuality researchers. Most dominant among the listed causes are genetic/biological, social influences and psychological factors....
  • Sexual Orientation - 6026 Words
    BORN OR BRED? Science Does Not Support the Claim That Homosexuality Is Genetic By Robert Knight The debate over homosexual “marriage” often becomes focused on whether homosexuality is a learned behavior or a genetic trait. Many homosexual activists insist that “science” has shown that homosexuality is inborn, cannot be changed, and that therefore they should have the “right to marry” each other. Beginning in the early 1990s, activists began arguing that scientific research has proven that...
  • Sexual Orientation - 2355 Words
    Sexual Orientation Sexual orientation is all about an individual’s preferred sex partners – the sex of the people one is sexually attracted to. One can be sexually attracted to persons of his or her sex (gay, homosexual or lesbian), people of the opposite sex (straight or heterosexual) or both sexes (bisexual). Numerous psychological and biomedical research studies have attempted to identify one or more causes that account for the variation in sexual orientation (LeVay, 2010). The driving...
  • Sexual Orientation - 1577 Words
    Recent research has concluded that sexual orientation, in both men and women, may play a significant role in the feelings of dissatisfaction of one’s physical appearance and the development and onset of disordered eating habits. Numerous studies have found that homosexual men have a higher likelihood of being more dissatisfied with their overall physical appearance. It is not so clear for homosexual women. In this paper I will review a number of published research article and try to more clearly...
  • Sexual Orientation - 1154 Words
    Gay, Lesbian, or Straight Sexual orientation is a pattern of attraction: emotional, romantic, sexual, or some combination of these to the opposite sex, the same sex, or both sexes (Stein 2011). These attractions are referred to as heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, and asexuality (Walker 2012). Heterosexual people are romantically and physically attracted to members of the opposite sex. Heterosexual males are attracted to females, and heterosexual females are attracted to males....
  • Sexual Orientation - 3697 Words
    Introduction Homosexuality is defined or characterized as attraction towards the same gender either male or female. It came from the Greek language, where “homo” means the same or similar, hence referring to the attraction between two beings of the same sex. Homosexuality is also referred as a clinical term. Most male homosexuals generally prefer to be called "gay men" and most homosexual women generally prefer to be called "lesbians." Homosexuality is one of the three main categories of...
  • Sexual Orientation - 272 Words
    Sexual orientation is defined as any emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectionate attraction to another person. Sexual orientation ranges from homosexuality, same sex couples, heterosexual, opposite sex couples, and bisexual, where people experience emotions for either sex. A person’s sexual orientation is not a choice. People are not born gay or straight, for most people their sexual orientation does not emerge untill early adolescence, before any sexual experience has even occurred. Although...
  • Adolescence Sexual Orientation Essay
    Adolescent Sexual Orientation In today’s society, coming out as being gay, lesbian, or anything other than what is considered normal, can make an adolescent more stressed than usual. The main task of adolescence is establishing one’s identity, and coming out as gay, or as a lesbian adds to a child’s stress. There are many unique challenges gay/lesbian children come across as they struggle with this task of adolescence into young adulthood. Although they do face these unique challenges, they...
  • Sexual Orientation Discrimination - 2501 Words
    Running Head: DISCRIMINATION HR Management Issue – Sexual Orientation Discrimination Table of Contents Introduction ……………………………………… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Sexual Orientation Discrimination Definition ……………………………………… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Explanation of Topic ……………………………………… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Background of Issue ……………………………………… . . . . . . . ....
  • Sexual Orientation - Paper - 950 Words
    The discussion over sexual orientation remains on center stage in the public eye and the raging debate about homosexuality is on everybody’s minds. Does someone choose to be gay or are they just born that way? Is Homosexuality a lifestyle choice or is it an inborn biological trait? Research and scientific evidence proves that that people do not choose their sexual orientation. Scientists don’t yet know the exact origin but they know that it is not chosen. It has existed, for over...
  • Sexual Orientation Issues - 837 Words
    In tape #120: Sexual Orientation Issues it focused on gender identity, sexual orientation, and homophobia. The number of gays and lesbians has increase from 14.2 million to 15.1 million according to Dr. Adams on the video. Personally I believe that there are more gays than that, because a lot of people are still "in the closet" and have not "came out" yet. For years the debate has been going on whether or not individuals are born gay or if some force from society makes them become gay. The...
  • Changing Trends in Sexual Orientation
    Changing Trends in Sexual Orientation According to Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary, sexual orientation refers to the inclination of an individual with respect to heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual behavior. The famous Kinsey Reports by Alfred Kinsey (1948) claims that about 10% of American adults are homosexual. This astonishing figure is often presented as fact but is often criticized to be highly overestimated by academia. (Refer to Appendix 1 for figures presented by other...
  • Sexual Orientation Descrimination - 669 Words
    Sexual Orientation Discrimination Men and women are being killed in Iraq for their sexual orientation. In Iraq people are dying for showing or coming out to being gay or any other sexuality. If they try to make a pack the government hunts them down and kills them. For these acts, the human rights organization Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender group has benefited the people in Iraq suffering from sexual orientation discrimination. 1980’s non fiction books on gay rights movement comes to the...
  • Issues of Sexual Orientation at Work
    Issues of Sexual Orientation at Work 1. I think what’s going on here is something that a lot of companies have been dealing with this past decade more than ever. The company is traditional and values “normalness” and the employee thinks that sexual orientation isn’t as important anymore and wants to let his boss know of his intentions on bringing his partner to the social gathering the company has to give out awards. Adam is particularly concerned with the effect this new information will...
  • Sexual Orientation in Relation with Biology
    The cause for homosexuality Intro: The 1998 Matthew Shepard, a gay student, was murdered as a form of hate crime against homosexuals. Right now there are teenagers who are beaten and threatened by their parents for “being or choosing to be gay”. Stephen Fry a famous comedian, was condemned by a church for his nature saying you couldn’t be a member of our church. He is not being condemned for what he does, he is being condemned for what he is. “you're a child made in the image of god, oh no...
  • Sexual Orientation and Human Rights
    The importance of one’s sexual orientation in today’s society is quite prevalent. As human beings, we demand that everything in our lives be categorized and placed into its own spot in our mind. These different categories we use may include age, race, height, personality, and sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is one’s sexual identity in relation to which gender they are attracted to. In today’s society, as well as that of the past, many individuals believe this information is fairly...
  • factors that account for sexual orientation
     QUESTION: DISUSS THE FACTORS THAT ACCCOUNT FOR SEXUAL ORIENTATION IN INDIVIDUALS WITH RELEVANT REFERENCES. LECTURER: DR S ATINDANBILA Factors That Account For Sexual Orientation In Individuals Sexual orientation refers to one’s degree of emotional and erotic attraction to members of the same or opposite gender. Those who are erotically attracted to members of the opposite sex are heterosexuals while those who are...
  • Diversity in Sexual Orientation - 1149 Words
    Diversity in Sexual Orientation by Jason Burnley When I think about diversity in the world I too think about diversity when it comes to sexual orientation. Sometimes I think -- How is sexual identity developed? What influences who we become sexually? Why is there such diversity in sexual orientation? To be quite frank, there are no correct or incorrect answers to these questions. The idea of sexual orientation and behavior is a very complex one. What was true in the past is certainly...
  • Sexual Orientation Notes - 541 Words
    Sexual Orientation Definitions Biphobia: Irrational fears or hatred of bisexuality; the fear or hatred of bisexual feelings in oneself Bisexual: An individual who is attracted to people of both the same sex and of the opposite sex Gay: A male homosexual Heterosexual: A person whose primary erotic, psychological, emotional, and social interest is toward members of the opposite sex. Homophobia: Irrational fears or hatred of homosexuality; the fear of homosexual feelings in oneself; selfhatred...
  • Sexual Orientation, Identity, and Behavior
    Sexual Orientation, Identity, and Behavior Homosexuality has been a hot topic for the last fifty or so years, as it has been at various times in the past. There are different theories pertaining to the history of homosexuality. Essentialists say it has existed in all times and cultures, while social constructionists believe that it has arisen only in certain places and eras (ancient Greece, for instance) (Bailey 54). Its social acceptability has varied widely as well. The stigma of...
  • Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Argentina
    Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Argentina On July 22, 2010 same-sex civil unions became legal in Argentina. Still, homosexuals find it hard to be acknowledged as equals in this country. Do you agree? Is sexual orientation discrimination a subject which needs to be dealt with quickly in our country? Even though in Argentina same-sex marriage was legalized in the year 2010, this issue has not been completely accepted and many people are still suffering from discrimination. This means...
  • Gender and Sexual Orientation - 922 Words
     Gender & Sexual Orientation Katisha Lewis Axia College at University of Phoenix Dawn Byram ETH/125 October 6, 2012 Gender & Sexual Orientation According to my research it states that throughout the history women have been treated as second- class citizens. Women have had fewer rights and job opportunity. The status for women in the history has been for them to be house wives and take care of the children, while the men worked doing hard labor. Women had little...
  • sexual orientation in the workplace - 1483 Words
    Sexual Orientation in the Workplace MGMT 577 01 MGMT 577 01 Professor Finch Sexual Orientation in the Workplace “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence The philosophies of equality and unalienable rights upon which America was...
  • Sexual Orientation and Western World
    Introduction When people’s sexual identities are referred to, they are often falsely divided into two groups: heterosexuals and homosexuals. In fact, sexual identity is much more complex, as some may identify themselves as bisexual, or transgender for example. LGBT hence stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. Whilst Lesbians and Gays generally refer to women and men who are sexually attracted to their own gender, bisexuals, also known as “pansexuals” consider the gender of their...
  • Sexual orientation of homosexual parents and their children
     The sexual orientation of homosexual parents and their influences on the child’s sexual orientation Abstract This research is to determine if the sexual orientation of homosexual parents has an influence on the child’s sexual orientation. When homosexual parenting is viewed within a positive aspect, research suggests that the development of a child’s sexual orientation is unrelated to the parent’s sexual orientation....
  • Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Presentation
    Discrimination based on sexual orientation presentation In my part of this discrimination based on sexual orientation presentation I am going to discuss the following: * What discrimination is? * Direct discrimination. * Indirect discrimination. * Victimisation. * Extent of individual discrimination. * Extent of institutional discrimination. WHAT IS SEXUAL DISCRIMINATION? Discrimination occurs when a person is treated less favourably than another person in a...
  • Sexual Orientation, the Time Has Come
    Sexual Orientation, the Time Has Come Darren Sutphen HRM-320 Employment Law Professor Joy Bruno Sexual Orientation, the Time Has Come Our founders of this great nation with one simple phrase, started this country on a journey unlike any nation has ever embarked upon. As written it was an epiphany of law that would ultimately change the world. All men are created equal. What an amazing statement. Through their wisdom Americans have continued to strive to hold true to this ideal for...
  • Hate Crimes toward Sexual Orientation
     Hate Crimes toward Sexual Orientation Inez Retnosari SOCI 321 Union College "We will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." –Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Every day, somewhere in the world, men, women and children are tortured and even killed because of their beliefs, their race, the way they look, or the way they live. And this will go on until the rest of the world stops being quiet and takes a stand against...
  • Gender and Sexual Orientation: the Lawrence King Story
    Gender and Sexual Orientation Essay Tito Valdez ETH/125 May 6, 2012 Deborah Heigel Gender and Sexual Orientation Essay Lawrence King was a 15 year old boy, who had recently revealed that he was gay, was shot twice in the back of the head and killed in front of a classroom full of students, in 2008. King, a student at E.O. Green Junior High School in Oxnard had started wearing makeup, jewelry and women's high heeled boots. Classmates said that the day before the shooting,...
  • Sexual Orientation and Employment Non-discrimination Act
    A. Team B’s compromise or alternative to existing solutions within the homosexual community (a) There are many issues that affect homosexuals, lesbians, and bisexuals. (b) Should civil rights laws protecting employees from discrimination also outlaw discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation? (c) In 34 states, it is still perfectly legal for lesbian and gay employees to be fired simply because their employers discover, and disapprove of, their sexual orientation. (d) Many...
  • Generic Psychological Theories on How Sexual Orientation Is Determined
    What Causes Sexual Orientation Sexual orientation is a largely controversial subject in today’s society. And in the topic of sexual orientation, there is a question that is always asked. “What causes or determines the sexual orientation of a human being, and can sexual orientation be changed?” There is no set answer to this because there are multiple theories and components that contribute to sexual orientation. Almost all theories fall under the ideology category because of all the different...
  • Sexual orientation Discrimination Josh Kronberg Case
     Josh Kronberg-Rasner Sexual Orientation Case Above many cases involving different types of discriminations and biases in work places there are some that stand out more than the others. Sexual Harassment is one that is seen in many work environments and need correction immediately. One that is not seen at first but is considered a very serious discrimination is the occurrence of a sexual orientation discrimination where is it is centralized mainly in the gender of specific people. Such cases...
  • Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy: Should it be banned?
    Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy: Should it be banned? Sexual orientation conversion therapy, a range of treatments that aims to turn the sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual, is controversial in many countries (Haldeman, 2002). While conversion therapy is banned in some countries due to its ethical concern, its efficacy is debatable. This article argues that homosexual should have the right to choose whether to be treated or not, the ban exploit the right of homosexual...
  • SEXUAL ORIENTATION INEQUALITY Final Paper Prep Soc 203
    SEXUAL ORIENTATION INEQUALIY Kim Simpson SOC 203 Social Problems Emily Frydrych September, 13 2013 Abstract This paper will examine Sexual Orientation Inequality as a social problem in today’s society by examining discrimination in the workplace, bullying of LGBTQ youth in school, as well as some long-term effects of discrimination of Homosexuals. Additionally, this paper will examine some recent positive social changes that have occurred, particularly in Marriage equality, as well as look...
  • Value Orientations - 1668 Words
    * Value Orientations in Our School Campus and Barangay Values are the elements of life prevailing in a society. They are the rules by which we make decisions about right and wrong, should and shouldn't, good and bad. They also tell us which are more or less important, which is useful when we have to trade off meeting one value over another. They provide motivation and ground for choice. They shape and determine individual and group’s decision to like or dislike and change or not change...
  • Bi Sexuals - 10047 Words
    Developmental Psychology 2008, Vol. 44, No. 1, 5–14 Copyright 2008 by the American Psychological Association 0012-1649/08/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.1.5 Female Bisexuality From Adolescence to Adulthood: Results From a 10-Year Longitudinal Study Lisa M. Diamond University of Utah Debates persist over whether bisexuality is a temporary stage of denial or transition, a stable “3rd type” of sexual orientation, or a heightened capacity for sexual fluidity. The present study uses 5...
  • sexual inequality - 1674 Words
    Last Thursday, three men were hanged in Iran for the crime of lavat, sexual intercourse between two men. The case is considered extreme even by Iranian standards, because while the death penalty is in place for homosexuality, it is usually enforced only when there is a charge of assault or rape alongside it; the accusations in these three cases were of consensual sex. In Uganda, politicians have been seeking since 2009 to institute a strikingly nasty piece of legislation: the death penalty for...
  • sexual diversity - 672 Words
    Sexual orientation diversity in the workforce AUTHORS: Unsopoken Students SOURCE: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/sociology/sexual-orientation-and-diversity-in-the- workforce-sociology-essay.php DOCUMENT TYPE: Website article SUBJECT TERMS: Diversity Sexual Orientation Keywords: sexual orientation and diversity Although invisible, sexuality is at the core of each worker’s identity. Therefore, it poses a number of complex challenges towards organizations and their departments....
  • Sexual Minorities - 3411 Words
    Sexual Minorities Tiffin University Angela Hofacker February 25, 2013 Instructor Nancy Golinski SOC360 Multicultural Issues in Society When thinking of the different minorities, the one minority that is sometimes not acknowledged as a minority is sexual minorities. These types of minorities can include those who are gay, lesbian, and even bisexual. For purposes of referring to sexual minorities, gays as a reference will be the primary focus. Sexual orientation has been deemed a hot...
  • The Three Basic Orientations to Conflict
    In this report, I am going to explain the three basic orientations to conflict. They are Lose-Lose, Win-Lose, and Win-Win.  Lose-Lose: In this orientation, people try to avoid conflict, The conflict is negative. We may not express our own needs or rights, and we are unable to be honest when giving our feedback.  Win-Lose: In this orientation, the disagreements are battles. The person who loses may feel the need to get even. Each person tries to prove their point, and out-weigh the other ...
  • Sexual Identity in the Arab World
    The ways in which regimes of law, cultural identity and state governance shape understandings of Muslim or Arab sexualities are many. In his article “Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World” Joseph Massad outlines some of these regimes. Massad argues that western orientalists and colonialists altered the way Muslims viewed their own sexuality by bringing into consciousness the idea of gay rights and thus homosexuality where it did not previously exist. Because of this,...
  • Sexual Harassment in the Workplace - 1056 Words
    Sexual Harassment in the Workplace In this case, Amanda Chan is the Human Resources Manager for GeneTech and is concerned about the work environment. She overheard a conversation taking place between several of the company’s sales representatives. When returning from lunch break, Toby Warren, a senior rep asked David Goldman, a junior rep the following questions: Do you have fantasies about the other men in the office? Do you wear women’s clothing at home? Is Scarlett Johansson “hot enough...
  • Personal Response on Sexual Identity
    Final Project: Personal Response on Sexual Identity Chelsie Robinson University of Phoenix Final Project: Personal Response on Sexual Identity This program has taught me about human sexuality and the stages of developing our sexuality. During this course, I have learned about myself and has made me question the person I am and what I believe in. I have gained a better insight on relationships and hope that it can help me in the future with my relationships. In this paper, I am...
  • Paraphilia: Patients Sexual Diversity
    Paraphilias is a mental disease where the patient is sexually attracted to an object or lifeform that a normal human would not be attracted to. There are over 547 specific types of paraphilias, all of them can be put into categories of being aroused by non-human objects, the humiliation of a person or their partner, children, or a non-consenting person. Although this sounds like a terrible disease, many groups around the world are trying to research the acceptance of these patients sexual...
  • Sexual Minority Youth - 638 Words
    Group Counseling for Sexual Minority Youth Abstract Counselors often work with a silent population of sexual minority students. Focusing on the different types of issues facing sexual minority students this article discusses issues from homophobia, isolation, abuse and alienation at school and also at home. The article also describes the process in which one school set up in a gay, lesbian, and bisexual group counseling method for its students. The article I chose was titled “Group...
  • The Sexual Intolerance in Lithuania - 1274 Words
    K.R. Essay The Sexual Intolerance in Lithuania The gays’ procession in Vilnius on the 8th of May was the most discussed event which received many responses not only from the EU institutions, our government, but also from other high rank politicians and the mass media in many countries. The strong will to forbid such unprecedented an action in Lithuania of President Dalia Grybauskaite and other politicians as well as...
  • Personal Response on Sexual Identity
    Personal Response on Sexual Identity You go through your life making choices and decisions but not thinking of exactly why you were making the choices that you made. Before this class I just figured that I mad the decisions I made because it was what I wanted at the time. Since I have taken this class I have found that the decisions that you make are based on what is called a value system. According to Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner-Rathus (2011), the value system has to do with...
  • Sexual Orintaion and the Environment - 713 Words
    Dear Mr. David G. Myers, Psychology in everyday life second edition is a great book with lots of great information. But I find myself disagreeing with you on chapter four Environment and Sexual Orientation. I think that environmental factors have a lot to do with sexual orientation. You asked four questions: is homosexuality linked with problems in a child’s relationship with parents, does homosexuality involve a fear or hatred of people of the other gender, is sexual origination linked...
  • Ethical Case: Sexual Ethics
    Ethical Case: Sexual Ethics ------------------------------------------------- Submitted by: Eden Gay Malait I. A Brief Description of the Case A par excellent woman in her field embraces Christianity and male gender. She is said to be living and practicing a homosexual lifestyle by her friends and some Christian brethren who work closely with her. This Christian lady is willing to serve (sometimes even without payment to) Christian ministries and organizations by offering her...
  • Issues and Intolerance of Sexual Minorities in Arizona
    ISSUES AND INTOLERANCE OF SEXUAL MINORITIES IN ARIZONA Gays and lesbians are discriminated against and oppressed by archaic "sex laws" used by the conservative Arizona government. Some statutes include the restriction of same-sex marriage, and no monetary or federal benefits for domestic partners of homosexuals who work for a government agency. Section 38-656 of the Arizona Revised Statutes reads "A country, city, town, or other political subdivision of this state shall not offer health...
  • Sexual Preference/Why People Are Homosexual
    Sexual Preference Homosexuality has been a topic discussed for thousands of years. The Greek Gods engaged in homosexual behavior according to “A Problem in Greek Ethics addressing homosexuality in Ancient Greece” by John Addington Symonds. In recent years, in modern societies, many men and women have openly expressed that they are homosexual. With most of the population being heterosexual the main question that wonders though the minds of men and women is “why?”. Major religions such as...
  • Fear of Disclosure of Sexual Oreintation in the Work Place
    Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Employees Fear Disclosure of Sexual Orientation in the Workplace Vernessa F. Ducre Liberty University In partial fulfillment of the requirements of COUN502 Prof Gho August 20, 2010 Abstract The expectation of coming out in the workplace causes great fear of workplace bigotry, anxiety, loss of advancement opportunities; and a reduced amount of positive consideration by coworkers for lesbian, gay, or bisexual folks. Studies show that...
  • Are We Born With Our Sexual Identity or Do We Choose It?
    “Are We Born With Our Sexual Identity or Do We Choose It?” Sociology research paper Are you born with your sexual identity or do you choose it ? Identifying your sexual identity comes from a very young age. It starts when you first discover your genitals at months of you being born. Then you chose whether you want to play with stereotyped toys that are identified for boys or girls. After that, you learn gender role behavior, where you either do things “that boys do” or “that girls do”....
  • Sexual Health Comparison Between Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Heterosexual
    The Journal of Sex Research published a study by Lisette Kuyper and Ine Vanwesenbeeck in April of 2011 examining the differences in sexual health of lesbian, gay, bisexual and heterosexual individuals. Once the differences were established, they looked at possible causes for the disparity. The study was done by inviting approximately 14,900 Netherland citizens to complete a survey questionnaire on their sexual health. Those participating would be given “clix” which they could use to purchase...
  • How Do College Students React to Sexual Freedom : a Study
    RUNNING HEAD: Research Proposal Research Project Proposal Peter Clarkson Barton College Table of Contents PG. 3 – Lit Review PG. 6 – Abstract PG. 6 – Methodology PG.7 – Results PG. 9 – Discussion PG.10 – Reference List PG. 13 – Appendix A PG. 15 – Appendix B How do college students react to sexual freedom and are they practicing safe sex? Literature Review The articles reviewed for the study covered the following topics: AID’s, sexual behavior of college students,...
  • Sexuality, Nurture or Nature? - 1069 Words
    Many people like to argue that our sexuality is a product of the environment we are raised in, or that it is simply a choice people make for one reason or another. Many people also believe it’s something that is decided for us, we’re either born with it or we’re not and that it’s something that predetermined by our genetic make-up. Something that is generally well accepted across the board is that human sexuality is something incredibly complicated, brain meltingly complicated really, and that...
  • Group Proposal - 3120 Words
    Running head: GROUP PROPOSAL Group Proposal Group Counseling Rationale for Group Proposal: As a reflection of societal culture, schools serve as primary units of socialization for children and adolescents. Through their prescribed curriculum, rules and disciplinary actions, schools communicate societal messages to students and the community at large regarding appropriate norms, values and beliefs. Unfortunately, at times, these messages can communicate rejection and intolerance towards...
  • Lupus - 648 Words
    DIVERSITY IN THE WORKPLACE What is a diverse work place? Well, a diverse workplace could be a place that has mixture of gender, age, ethnicity, disability and other dimensions of diversity. I didn’t know that diversity included disability or even other dimensions of diversity. Well according to our HR book other dimension is a person’s sexual orientation. (DENISI/GRIFFIN, 2011) Sexual orientation means a person's sexual identity in relation to the gender to which they are attracted;...
  • Prisons for Our Bodies - 604 Words
    his article by Patricia Hill Collins is one of the many which she has written. It focuses on Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals & Transgenderd people which she refers to as LGBT. She states how American historians point to the signifigance of sexuality to belong to slavery (pg-235). She categorizes racism and heterosexism as the prison and the closet. One would agree on this metaphor because even though minorities have come a long way since our earlier history, racism still exists in our community. The...
  • Gay Identity - 1835 Words
    Professor ……. Class…… 13 April 2013 “Gay Identity” Throughout the years, it is common to see groups stick together and unite around a common goal or idea. Strength in numbers is the basis behind it. This is similar to the idea of identity politics. Identity politics is a way of organizing together and staying intimately connected to the idea that some social groups are oppressed. There is a general consensus about things our society labels as Taboo. The sort of topics looked down upon range...
  • Diversity Today - 919 Words
    Diversity Today Written by Sharial Seay February 17, 2013 Terry Burr ETH/125 Diversity Today In today’s society the world is a mixture of everything and everybody. There is not one person that is the same even if they are identical twins they still have there on identity. The world is a melting pot consisting of all types of diversity when it comes to women in the work place, people having different sexual orientation. Since...
  • To Bodly Go Where No One Has Gone Before
    "To bodily go where no one has gone before" is what Gene Rodenberry thought human progress was all about. I have been watching Star Trek for almost 15 years now and the way Gene Rodenberry portrayed human progress has made me wish that I was immortal, just so I could see what is to come. When I look at the picture of Tange Kenzo's Metropolitan Government Offices in West Shinjuku, Japan all I see is the future. The tall unique building does not look like something from this time. It could...
  • Appearances: They Say More About You Than You Think
    Appearances: They Say More About You Than You Think The term “homophobia” brings to mind individuals that hate those who are homosexual. Most of us aren’t ignorant to the fact that homophobia is a problem in America. These homophobic people call homosexuals “faggots” or “dykes” with no regard as to if these people are actually gay or not. We often believe this is as far as it is taken. Carmen Vazquez’s argument in her 1992 essay “Appearances”, slightly changes the definition of homophobia...
  • Career Development Interview - 628 Words
    For this assignment, I interviewed a friend her later 30's of identifies as a lesbian women. In the interview I asked her to discuss some of her thoughts, feelings and experiences related to her work and career. Our interview started with a key question faced by many GLBTQ individuals when it comes to their work life - Is 'coming out' at work a good idea? She reflected on an early experience of hers when she was about 18 and starting a new job. She said that it was not obvious that she was...
  • Social Dominance Theory: Understanding Oppression and Dominance
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Gaell Jocelyn-Blackman

Abstract

In this paper, I will discuss the different types of discrimination that LGBT youths are faced with and the effects on these youths. The paper will elaborate on the severe impacts on LGBT youths not only caused by discrimination but also due to lack of support and guidance. The paper will also discuss the roles of the parents and schools in helping minimize discrimination against LGBT youths. This paper will also hopefully instruct schools and parents to accept and support gay students rather than add to the discrimination that they already face. Doing so will reduce the high school drop out rate and most importantly the youth suicide rate. In essence, the purpose of this research paper is to identify the different effects on LGBT youths due to discrimination and to explore various actions that can and should be taken by schools and parents to help these youths live a normal and happy life. Therefore, my target audience is the school system as well as the parents of LGBT youths.

Suicide is the leading cause of death among gay and lesbian youths. Gay and lesbian youths are 2 to 6 times more likely to attempt suicide than heterosexual youth. Over 30% of all reported teen suicides each year are committed by gay and lesbian youths. . . . Gays and lesbians are at much higher risk than the heterosexual population for alcohol and drug abuse. Approximately 30% of both the lesbian and gay male populations have problems with alcohol. Gay and lesbian youth are at greater risk for school failure than heterosexual children. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1989, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

Substantially higher proportions of homosexual people use alcohol, marijuana or cocaine than is the case in the general population. (McKirnan & Peterson, 1989, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

Approximately 28% of gay and lesbian youths drop out of high school because of discomfort (due to verbal and physical abuse) in the school environment. (Remafedi, 1987, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

Gay and lesbian youths’ discomfort stems from fear of name calling and physical harm. (Eversole, n.d, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

Many people are guilty of discrimination against LGBT youths, whether consciously or unconsciously. LGBT youths are faced with daily discrimination from society, peers, family and even school teachers and administrations. The above statistics not only show that LGBT youths lack support and guidance but also prove how much these youths are clearly affected, in more ways than one, by discrimination. Cole (2007) mentions that there is a higher rate of abuse, neglect, and discrimination against LGBT youths than straight youths. I believe that most parents would prefer their children to be straight than to be gay, and most school officials also prefer straight students over gay students. This preference could be a contributing factor in discrimination against LGBT youths. This paper will hopefully capture the attention of parents and schools and perhaps help modify their outlook on LGBT youths. Fundamentally, I will attempt to answer the following questions throughout the paper: What are the effects of discrimination against LGBT youths? What is the role of the parents? What is the role of the schools? How can parents and schools work together to help minimize discrimination against LGBT youths? What more can be done? Before answering those questions, I will start by addressing the types of discrimination that LGBT youths are faced with.

Types of Discrimination

Some of the comments that LGBT youths are faced with are as follows: “I hate gays. They should be banned from this country;” “Get away from me, you faggot. I can’t stand the sight of you;” “These queers make my stomach turn.” Those are only a few of the biased statements that LBGT youths are faced with in society. According to Cole (2007), the word “faggot” is often used by anti-gay peers to terrorize LGBT youths. Words such as “faggot” or “gay” are sometimes used in a negative sense to express something either stupid or uncool (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p.35). When that occurs, it shows an even greater sign of discrimination against LGBT youths. I noticed that these words are not only used in the real world but also in movies and TV shows which makes it harder for LGBT youths to deal with. In addition to the discrimination from society and their peers, LGBT youths also endure discrimination from home/families and particularly schools.

“Today’s Gay Youth: The Ugly, Frightening Statistics” (n.d.) reports that one half of LGBT youths are neglected by their parents because of their sexual preference and approximately a quarter of LGBT youths are mandated to leave their homes. Cole (2007) explains that rejected LGBT youths generally do not learn how to build a relationship with peers or families. As a result, it creates a state of loneliness and isolation for them. Some LGBT youths are both verbally and physically abused by parents (“Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d.). In addition, roughly about 40% of youths that are homeless are classified as LGBT youths. The same article shows 27% of male teenagers who classified themselves as gay or bisexual left home due to quarrels with family members over their sexuality. Needless to say, parents and families play a big part in discrimination against LGBT youths and the effects that it has on them.

Nevertheless, it appears that the majority of the discrimination against LGBT youths emanates from the schools that they attend. Are schools taking any actions to minimize discrimination against gay students? What are they doing to help these adolescents? The following quote is an explicit example of how schools can contribute to discrimination against LGBT youths:

I took a call from one sixteen-year-old who came out to his counselor. The only other person he’d told was his friend in California. The counselor said, “I can’t help you with that.” After he left, the counselor called his mother to make sure she knew. The youth went home that night not knowing that he’d been outed to his parents. Sitting around the dinner table, his mother said to him, “I got a call from the school counselor today. We’re not going to have any gay kids in this family.” His father took him outside and beat him. (as cited in Human Rights Watch, 2001, p.106)

Human Rights Watch (2001) also reports that the same youth was harassed by his peers once they found out about his sexuality. At this point he turned to suicide, but was fortunately taken in by a family member who lived out of state where he finished school (p. 106). In the mentioned quote, the sixteen-year-old student did not get any support from his school guidance counselor or his parents. If his own school and parents would not give him any guidance or support, who else could he turn to? What is the alternative? This example could be a common concern throughout the world, where LGBT youths are not comfortable with their gender at school at home. Consequently, they are faced with an alternative which is rarely a positive one. The alternatives that they face may include depression, substance abuse, violence, and even suicide.

Effects of Discrimination

LGBT youths endure hostile verbal and physical harassment that can be excruciating for them (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 35). Human Rights Watch (2001) also states that although the youths that were interviewed emphasized their fear of physical and sexual assault, being called words like “faggot,” “queer,” or “dyke,” daily is still destructive (p.35).

One young gay youth who had dropped out of an honors program angrily protested, “just because I am gay doesn’t mean I am stupid,” as he told of hearing “that’s so gay” meaning “that’s so stupid,” not just from other students but from teachers in his school. (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 35)

Over 25% of LGBT youths are high school drop outs because of the discrimination they are faced with in the school atmosphere (“Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d.). The article also states the LGBT youths have a greater risk of academic failure than heterosexual students. Furthermore they don’t get involved much in student activities and have very little dedication to the school’s agendas because school isn’t a safe, healthy, or productive learning environment. Therefore, LGBT youths make an attempt to live, work, and learn with continuous fear of physical assault at school (“Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d.).

Physical abuse against LGBT youths usually occurs due to disregarded harassment (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 42). Human Rights Watch (2001) says that the number of physical assaults that were reported by interviewed LGBT youths had an enormous psychological impact on them, mainly because the physical abuse followed constant verbal and non-physical harassment that was overlooked by school officials (p. 42). For example, a lesbian student reported that several months of harassment and verbal threats grew to physical abuse. “‘I got hit in the back of the head with an ice scraper.’ By that point, she said she was so used to being harassed. ‘I didn’t even turn around to see who it was’” (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 42). Another incident mentioned by Human Rights Watch (2001) involved a tenth grade gay youth who was hit in the back of the neck with a beer bottle. He literally had to crawl to the nearest friend’s house for immediate assistance. The same youth was beaten up in the seventh grade by a couple of anti-gay kids (p. 42). One last example entails another gay youth who first suffered from verbal assault and students throwing items at him. Subsequently, a group of anti-gay students strangled him with a drafting line so bad that it cut him. Later that school year the youth was dragged down a flight of stairs and cut with knives by his classmates (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 42). Fortunately, he lived to talk about it.

Human Rights Watch (2001) implies that verbal and physical violence is a tension that LGBT youths have gotten accustomed to; however, it is damaging to their psychological wellbeing (p. 68). Many of the LGBT youths interviewed by Human Rights Watch (2001) reported signs of depression such as: “sleeplessness, excessive sleep, loss of appetite, and feeling of hopelessness”(p. 69). One reported incident involved a gay youth who could not take it anymore. He started to skip school so that he would not have to put up with the harassment anymore. He stayed at home all day and ended up missing fifty-six days of school. The youth explained, “‘It was mentally and physically stressful for me to go to that school. I remember going home and waking up in the morning just dreading it; dreading the fact that I would have to go back to that school’” (as cited in Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 69). Other youths reported that even when the harassment was not addressed directly toward them, they were affected by it. One youth implied that discrimination and harassment makes him feel like he is backed up into a corner and so sad that he wants to cry (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 69). It is no wonder LGBT youth turn to drugs, alcohol, and suicide.

Cole (2007) claims that discrimination against LGBT youths can create repression along with a deficiency in their natural growth. Discrimination also has a social and emotional impact on them. Instead of being social individuals, LGBT youths remain in the closet and hide. The loneliness that they bear can turn into depression which often leads to substance abuse or even suicide. LGBT youths have greater chances of alcohol and substance abuse than heterosexual youths (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1989, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d.). Also, roughly about one third of LGBT youths have a drinking or drug problem. Human Rights Watch (2001) interviewed some LGBT youths who say that they drink to the point of passing out or to feel good and normal (p. 69). The lack of support from parents or schools can possibly make them feel like there is no hope of ever living a happy life and being productive (Human Rights Watch, 2001, p. 68).

Roles of Parents

50% of all gay and lesbian youths report that their parents reject them due to their sexual orientation. In a study of male teenagers self-described as gay or bisexual, 27% moved away from home because of conflict with family members over sexual orientation. (Remafedi, 1987, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

26% of gay and lesbian youth are forced to leave home because of conflicts over their sexual orientation. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1989, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

In a study of 194 gay and lesbian youth, 25% were verbally abused by parents, and nearly 10% dealt with threatened or actual violence. (D’Augelli, 1997, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

Approximately 40% of homeless youths are identified as gay, lesbian or bisexual. (Eversole, n.d., as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

Service providers estimate that gay, lesbian and bisexual youths make up 20-40% of homeless youth in urban areas. (National Network of Runaway and Youth Services, 1991, as cited in “Today’s Gay Youth,” n.d., n.p.)

It appears that the lack of support, protection, and guidance from family also has a major effect on LGBT youths. Perhaps, if their families were more supportive, the suicide and depression rates of LGBT youths would be moderately less. I believe that parents should embrace their children no matter what their sexual preference is. For an adolescent, I think that family should be the primary source for seeking support and guidance. When parents reject their gay or lesbian adolescent, I feel that it can possibly set him or her up for failure. This era is the time when adolescents would need their parents’ love and support the most. I also sense that when LGBT youths don’t get the love and support that they are looking for from parents, it contributes to their state of depression and suicidal phase. Therefore, parents of LGBT youths should take time to reflect on the circumstances before they make the wrong decisions.

One way of showing support would be for the youths’ parents or family to intervene with the school or at least make an attempt like the mother in the following quote:

“The more I talked to teachers, the superintendent, and the principal, the more they just kept throwing up brick walls and trying to convince me I would have to let my son go through this,” Ms. Cooper said. “But no child should have to go through this, whether he’s gay or not. When [bullying] gets to the point where a kid wants to quit school and give up his future, something has to be done.” (Browman, 2001, p. 3)

In the above case, the parent was being supportive to her gay son while the school officials were not. Like many other schools, they choose to ignore the fact that the gay student is being bullied and discriminated against. As mentioned earlier in the paper, that kind of response from schools also contributes to the effects of depression on LGBT youths.

Roles of Schools

“Educators cannot ignore the risks faced by homosexual students, but deciding how to deal with the issue should be a matter of local concern” (Archer, 2002, n.p.). In his article, Archer is stressing that educators must address discrimination against gay students and must put aside their personal views to create a safe environment for these students. In her article, Browman (2001) also talks about the lack of attention from school teachers and administrators toward gay discrimination and harassment. Browman (2001) acknowledges the educational effect on LGBT youths due to constant harassment in school. A very interesting point that was made in this article is, if a student makes a racial comment in school, he or she gets punished. So why should remarks like “dyke,” “fag,” or “queer” be acceptable? Are those words equal to the same level of discrimination as making a racial comment? The article advises that the problem of discrimination or harassment can be addressed at the verbal stage before it gets to the physical point or causes the youth’s academic learning to be harmed (Browman, 2001). The article continues to imply that teachers and administrators often fail to cease discrimination or harassment against LGBT youth. They are either afraid of facing prejudice from others or perhaps even because of their own prejudice (Browman, 2001). The article also suggests a way to express to all students that harassment or discrimination against LGBT students will not be tolerated. Consequences such as school conduct codes and discipline policies should be established as well as anti-harassment rules (Browman, 2001).

Browman (2001) reports that Human Rights Watch completed a two-year study on the topic where an immediate response was obtained from educational groups such as: The National Education Association, The Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Educational Alliance, and The American Federation of Teachers. The three groups adhered in influencing the Education Department to defend and protect gay and lesbian students from discrimination. They add that schools are making an effort to create a safe environment for all students where they can all be treated with equal respect and dignity. Accordingly, the department fights to provide the schools with information and guidance to help solve the problem of discrimination against LGBT youths (Browman, 2001).

Furthermore, New York City has made an attempt to come up with a solution that they thought would possibly reduce discrimination against LGBT youths by opening an all-gay school. I see this movement as a possible increase in discrimination against LGBT youths. If they are all put together in one school, how is that helping them deal with discrimination from society, peers and others outside of the school? And how is that teaching anti-gay students not to discriminate against LGBT youths? I don’t think isolation from the rest of the world is the best solution for LGBT youths. They are human beings just like the rest of us and they should be treated accordingly. I agree with what is stated in Browman’s (2001) article about the schools accomplishing all they can to stop discrimination against LGBT youths.

Conclusion

The two primary sources that have the power and ability to diminish discrimination against LGBT youths are schools and parents. In my opinion, they are the ones who have the greatest influence on LGBT youths and in turn have the ability to reduce substance abuse, educational failure, and suicides. Parents and schools need to realize how much they can help diminish the effects of discrimination against LGBT youths if they work together and productively. Clearly, if they remain on the same page they can ease the agony for LGBT youths and help them live a normal and happy life. One method that can be exercised in schools is a homosexual sensitivity training for anti-gay students and school officials. The training would benefit both students and school officials. I think that it would help the school officials manage whatever prejudices they may have against LGBT youths. Since anti-gay bullying students are perhaps ignorant to the subject, schools should modify a system where all students can be educated on the subject. It would probably help the students get a better understanding if homosexuality was compared to other subject matters such as culture and religion. Students should be provided with a full view of the subject just like any other. If this method helps only two out of ten anti-gay students cease discrimination against LGBT students, I am sure that it will make a difference. An additional scheme that should be established is monthly meetings between school officials and parents to review the progress of measures that are already in place.

Before writing this research paper, I never imagined how immensely affected LGBT youths were by discrimination. It is awful what they go through and how most people are clueless or even careless about what these youths endure. LGBT youths are faced with discrimination, torture, and sometimes even execution because of who they love, how they look, or who they are. I believe that sexual orientation and gender identity are integral aspects of ourselves and should never lead to discrimination or abuse. Doing this research not only made me realize the intense discrimination suffered by LGBT youths but also had an impact on me. This research has made me want to advocate for more laws and policies to help protect LGBT youths. I have gained a ton of information and knowledge during this process. However, if my readers obtain half of the valuable information that I have obtained, I know that I have accomplished my task.

References

Archer, J. (2002, February). Local schools must address safety for gays. Education Week, 21 (23), 3. Retrieved October 12, 2007, from EBSCO Host database.

Browman, D. H. (2001, June). Report says schools often ignore harassment of gay students. Education Week, 20 (39), 5. Retrieved October 12, 2007, from EBSCO Host database.

Cole, S. (2007, April). Protecting our youth. Edge . Retrieved October 31, 2007, from www.edgeboston.com

Human Rights Watch (2001). Hatred in the hallways. NY: Human Rights Watch.

Today’s gay youth: The ugly, frightening statistics (n.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2007, from www.pflagphoenix.org

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